Access of Care Assignment
Directions:Completely answer each question below. In your answer, utilize evidence (cite and reference sources) and/or examples. All answers should be more than 50 words.
What is access of care?Access of care is an important aspect in healthcare as this concept covers different dimensions of healthcare, which include fitting a patient into the healthcare system in different aspects (Sultz & Young, 2013). Access to healthcare does not only mean to avail healthcare services to individuals rather availing appropriate and affordable healthcare services to individuals (Sultz & Young, 2013). The healthcare services should also be acceptable by the recipient, which means that healthcare providers should consider different aspects of the recipients, which include race, risk factors, and different demographic factors (Sultz & Young, 2013). This will ensure that recipients benefit from the healthcare services, which will improve patient outcomes. Access to healthcare will enable patients to find, access the required services, and pay for the care that they receive as well as address their healthcare needs (Sultz & Young, 2013).
How does service availability affect access of care?
Availability involves the provision of appropriate and quality healthcare services, which can be effectively used by the recipients (Shi & Singh, 2014). Availability is important in accessing healthcare as this enables patients to access healthcare services at the right time based on their healthcare needs. There are barriers, which affect the access to care which may include language barrier (Shi & Singh, 2014). This may limit efficient availability of healthcare services. Availability also involves adequate and sufficient supply of different healthcare aspects, which include healthcare resources and workers who are adequately trained to address the presenting issues. If these aspects do not match with the health needs of the population, patients will not be able to have their healthcare needs sufficiently addressed (Shi & Singh, 2014).
How do affordability, physical accessibility (delivery), and acceptability (quality) of services affect access of care?
Affordability involves the provision of healthcare services which patients are able to pay for based on their socio-economic status. If the healthcare services are expensive, patients requiring these services may be unable to afford the services, which may prevent them from accessing the services leading to unmet healthcare needs (Stone, 2017). Physical accessibility is also important, as the delivery of healthcare services is important due to the nature of these services. If there is no equitable distribution of healthcare services, some patients may not be able to access these healthcare services (Stone, 2017). Acceptability of healthcare services involves considerations of different aspects, which include race, age, language, and gender, which are important in understanding the diverse needs of different populations. If these aspects do not match with the recipient’s characteristics, the recipients will be unable to access the healthcare services (Stone, 2017). The healthcare providers will also be unable to address the healthcare needs presented in a given population.
What are some barriers to access of care?
Barriers to access of care include certain things and aspects, which prevent patients in accessing healthcare services. One of these barriers is lack of adequate insurance coverage (Sultz ; Young, 2013). Health insurance cover enables individuals to access healthcare by paying for expenses incurred in accessing healthcare services. Individuals without health insurance may be unable to access these services due to limited financial resources, which are required in the provision of healthcare services (Sultz ; Young, 2013). Another barrier, which prevents individuals from accessing care, is shortages in the healthcare workforce. The healthcare workforce is important in the delivery of healthcare services as they are responsible for providing care to patients. Inadequate healthcare workers may prevent individuals from accessing adequate care from healthcare faculties (Sultz ; Young, 2013).
How is equity of access measured?
Equity of access is important as this determines the level of access of healthcare in a given region, which may be used in the decision-making process to enhance the distribution process of healthcare services (Harris, Levesque, ; Russell, 2013). There are some factors, which prevent equality in healthcare provision, which negatively impact the government’s efforts of ensuring that every citizen has access to quality healthcare services (Harris, Levesque, & Russell, 2013). Equity of access can be measured using the Aristotle’s formal theory of distributive justice, which provides two measures of equity, which include the vertical and the horizontal equity (Harris, Levesque, ; Russell, 2013). Vertical equity refers to equity between individuals with unequal needs who require unequal healthcare where else the horizontal equity refers to equity between individuals with the same healthcare needs who require equal healthcare (Harris, Levesque, ; Russell, 2013).
Assignment Grading Criteria (Each question is worth 30 points)
Question Grading Criteria Points Possible
Subject knowledge 80
Mechanics of writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use) 35
Included evidence or an example 35
Harris, M. F., Levesque, J.-F., ; Russell, G. (2013). Patient-centered access to health care: conceptualizing access at the interface of health systems and populations. International Journal for Equity in Health, 12(1), 18.
Shi, L., ; Singh, D. A.(2014). Delivering health care in America: A systems approach (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Jones and Bartlett.
Stone, P. W. (2017). Determining Value in the U.S. Healthcare System. Nursing Economics, 35(3), 142–144.
Sultz, H. A., ; Young, K. M. (2013). Health Care USA (8th ed.). Boston, MA: Jones and Bartlett.