As Britain began the first stages of industrialisation there was a big increase in population that was not seen before

As Britain began the first stages of industrialisation there was a big increase in population that was not seen before. During the period of 1750 and 1850 the population had more than doubled from the previous year. The exact number is hard to be predict due to there been no census available. Historians have conducted studies and through it was found that the increase in population was due to internal factors. As Britain began to urbanise increasingly more people were meeting giving way for the average age of marriage to fall. With people marrying at a younger age the age of reproduction fell as well. The health of people was improving too, this was in part due to the agricultural revolution. More food became available, through more food been available more children were alive. The birth increase in marriage rose as well as an increase in births out of wedlock. With the factors of meeting new people and the health conditions, improved wages gave family’s financial security to reproduce. Alongside the increase of marriages and births, the death rate was also falling and increasingly more people were living longer. The new improved wages also led to an impact on the demand of consumer goods. The growing population paved way for a bigger workforce to help in the industrialisation of Britain. (R. Wilde 2017).
Coal and iron was an important part of the industrial revolution with some historians such as E.A Wrigley stating that it could not have happened without it, although some of the more recent historians claim coal only played a small part of the industrialisation of Britain (Clark and Jacks, 2007). When factories started becoming more frequent in construction the demand for coal became even greater. There were two different coal mines drift mines and bell pits at the beginning. These types of coal mines were small in scale and generally used for homes. As the population grew, and the industrialisation began the need for larger mines were beginning to become necessary as more coal was needed. (C N Trueman 2015). During this time the costs of delivering coal and consumer goods were increasing. A horse as only able to carry three hundredweight of coal at any one time. At that time the Turnpike roads were in a state of disarray. 1759 saw a man named John Gilbert suggest the construction of an industrial canal where a horse could pull 400 hundredweight of coal when it was loaded on a barge. After gaining permission from parliament, the first industrial canal was erected. (Spartacus Educational, 2017)
The role of iron in the industrial revolution led to the development of the railway. This proved to have a massive impact on the economy. The price of transported goods was reduced as the railway proved to be a cheaper method of transportation. With goods been reduced in price the consumer demand became higher. (Burchill, 2017) because of the demand for goods the factories needed to expand and in turn had a big impact on the mining industry.