Few decades ago

Few decades ago, United Nations Organisation has commenced a movement to improve the position of crime victims in criminal justice system. In August-September 1985, The 7th United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offences was held in Milan. The Congress strongly recommends the United Nations General Assembly to rectify Rome statue “Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power.” As a result, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the ‘declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power’ On November 29, l985.
This declaration, the first specifically concerned with societal responses to the needs of victims and then establishes standards that take into account the variety in prevailing legal systems, social structures and stages of economic development of the Member States. The declaration, concerning victims of crime, establishes standard for access to justice and fair treatment, restitution from the offender, compensation, compensation from the State, and assistance towards recovery. The declaration calls upon States to take the necessary steps to give effect to the provisions in the declaration and to curtail victimisation.16 In particular, the declaration specifies certain ways in which victims should have access to judicial and administrative procedures and how they should be treated fairly. The declaration directs that victims should be treated with compassion and respect for their dignity and entitled to prompt redress. The victims should be informed of their rights in seeking redress through formal or informal procedures the expeditious, fair, inexpensive and accessible.
The responsiveness of judicial and administrative process should be geared to serve the needs of the victim. The victims should be informed of their role and scope, timing and progress of the proceeding and disposition of their case. Offenders or third parties responsible for the crime should make fair restitution to victims, their families or dependants. Such restitution should include the payment for harm or loss suffered, reimbursement of expenses incurred as a result of victimisation. And also the governments should help to adopt practice, regulations and laws to consider restitution as an available sentencing option in criminal cases.18 When the compensation is not fully available from the offender or other sources, the State should endeavour to provide financial compensation to victims who have sustained bodily injury or impairment of physical or mental health as a result of crimes. And also the family, in particular the dependants of the deceased or persons who have become incapacitated as a result of victimisation should be provided with compensation by the State. Victims should be provided with necessary material, medical, psychological and social assistance through governmental and voluntary organisation. Police, Justice, Health and other personnel should be sensitized to the needs of victim.