Karl Marx has been named as one of the most productive and persuasive scholars of the nineteenth century

Karl Marx has been named as one of the most productive and persuasive scholars of the nineteenth century. He pushed for the creation of a classless society that would be guided through proper democracy and correspondence. In essence, Marx criticized the capitalist framework as an order in which the most powerful firms have picked up significant control and influence. He contended that laborers are treated as commodities beneath his framework. He emphasized the fact that humans are species beings with the need and desire to interact with and have the ability to make connections and changes within the world that we live in. The hypothesis of alienation argues that laborers are embittered with their work since it is controlled and directed by hierarchies of higher power supervisors. The individual imagination and opportunity has been smothered in the title of productivity and viability. Moreover, Marx argues that the degraded poverty of laborers implies that they cannot live in affluent conditions. The capitalist framework reaps colossal benefits but gives inadequate compensation to its laborers. Marx accepted that alienation came about in laborers being suspicious of each other due to the competitive nature of the work and compensation and alienation from their own species being.
Marx believed that humans have an inherent need to work, be creative, and to actually be an active part in the creation of something. By species-being, Marx is not just referring to our physical body. Our species being is also a social being, as Marx explained within the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts (1844), “The individual is that the social being.” People have to enter into the relationships with each other regardless of their personal preferences because they need to work together in order to get what they need to live. In the Grundisse, Marx stressed, “Society does not consist of individuals; it expresses the sum of connections and relationships in which individuals find themselves”. Humanity relates to the physical world through labor, through labor humanity itself develops and labor is the source of human beings’ relationships with each other. What happens to the process of work, therefore, has a decisive influence on the whole of society.
Our ability to figure, to enhance how we have a tendency to work and repose on our success, has attended lead to the accumulative development of the productive forces. Such development gave rise to class society and once society became capable of manufacturing a surplus, it additionally became attainable for a class to emerge which was liberated from the necessity to directly manufacture and could live from its control over the labor of others. This method was necessary in order to develop and direct the productive forces; however it additionally meant that the bulk of society, the producers, lost control of their labor. Marx stated, “Man’s species being, both nature and his spiritual species property, into a being alien to him, into a means to his individual existence. It estranges man’s own body from him, as it does external nature and his spiritual essence, his human being.” Thus, the alienation of labor arose.
Marx argued that alienation was a natural and logical outcome of capitalism for several reasons. Laborers are manipulated by the changes and needs of a capitalist society in order to increase production and profit. Capitalists strive and emphasize that work and labor that the workers do are specific to the goals and productivity that they are creating. Organizations and capitalists are essentially making sure that laborers are overworked and overburdened in order to obtain and maintain surplus value. The laborers are considered to be a tool of the capitalist which leads to the workers losing their species being and identity which ultimately leads to resentment and frustration.
Being part of a working class, individuals and laborers naturally base their life around their work. When working a job and doing the same work and tasks daily, subconsciously and sometimes consciously, one can become inert in terms of identity and character. In a capitalist economy and when working for a private corporation, a laborer is distanced and alienated from their species-being and individuality that is needed for one to thrive. What makes a human is the aptitude and skill to shape the world around them by their abilities and actions but, when working for a private corporation, this is not always the desired outcome. Work and labor is influenced and constrained and does not related to a persons individual interests or preference. Marx proposes that laborers do not get much acknowledgment or enticement for producing and being a part of making a capitalist wealthy and successful. Marx stated, “Labour, to be sure, produces marvellous things for the rich, but for the labourer it produces privation. It produces palaces for the wealthy, but hovels for the worker. It produces beauty, but cripples the worker. It replaces work by machines, but it throws part of the workforce back to a barbarous kind of work, while turning others into machines. It produces sophistication, but for the workforce it produces feeble-mindedness and idiocy.” (Marx, 1844, 30). By doing this it puts laborers into brutal working situations where they are basically a breathing machine and instrument for their own benefit.
Marx claims that under the capitalist industrial society, individuals end up alienated at work as a results of their loss of control. Capitalism makes for a system whereby the laborer gives more control to the capitalist by creating better and far superior items. So, it can be seen that the more the laborer produces, the more they must depend on that for continued success. Marx stated, “If man is related to the product of his labor, to his objectified labor, as to an alien, hostile, powerful object independent of him, he is so related that another alien, hostile, powerful man independent of him is the lord of this object. If he is unfree in the relation to his own activity, he is related to it as bonded activity, activity under the domination, coercion, and yoke of another man” (Marx, 1844, 57). When a laborer is constrained to create an item for somebody else, they too will end up becoming and feeling like an outsider to the laborer, and so in this way individuals ended up distanced from other people, which can lead to a breakdown in society. This can deliver rise to a sort of antagonistic vibe as the laborer may feel they are required to do work for others with more social capital and so a division in the different classes of society will emerge.
In today’s society, as opposed to Marx’ time period, technology has become a huge aspect of work and production. We see that workers and laborers are disconnected even further from their work and species being due to lack of interaction and the absence of fulfillment that our biological human nature needs to thrive. A great example of this would be the intense and hard work that computer programmers or coders do. Hours of hard work and sitting in front of computer creating something that will make their business owner wealthy ultimately alienates them from the end product and from their co workers. Not only does this alienate them from their peers, but also from themselves. With the needs that are biologically built within us, the increase in resentment and frustration towards the capitalist economy is astronomical. When we are essentially machines and instruments to our higher ups and an overwhelming amount of people being underpaid for their work, it relates back to Marx’ statement on how they produce marvelous things for the rich, but for the laborer it produces privation. In addition, it confirms what Marx said about it producing palaces for the wealthy but hovels for the worker. This proves that the working class is living in poverty, or paycheck to paycheck, while simultaneously, working endlessly to make their business owner wealthy.