Role and responsibility in PCR
Assistant Professor (I)
Amity School of Communication
Vishesh Kumar Sharma
Amity School of Communication
I express my deepest thanks to the people who are working in the PCR department of Zee Hindustan channel for giving me necessary advices and guidance throughout the summer internship.
I express my special thanks to Vikas Singh, PCR head, Zee Hindustan for giving me knowledge about the functioning of PCR (Production control room) and its importance in a news channel.
Name of the Student: Vishesh Kumar Sharma
Enrollment no. A2079816253
TABLES OF CONTENT
ABOUT THE ORGANISATION……………………………………………………………………………… 6
PRODUCTION CONTROL ROOM………………………………………………………………………… 7
KEY LEArnINGS…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10
In a news channel there are many departments and each of them plays a crucial role in successful running of channel and presenting the news to the audience. Television is a visual medium it involves visuals, video tapes of the events occurred. News channels provides news bulletins a regularly scheduled news show. PCR is very important department as it plays crucial role in the production of any news show. PCR stands for Production control room. PCR is responsible for smooth functioning of any news show on air or recorded. Each and every person working in the PCR department needs to pay attention and concentrate on his work because most of the time news show goes on air, if any employee working in a PCR does something wrong for example: not playing the right shot on time and it goes on air, it is not possible to rectify it, but in case of recording it can be resolved. Every news channel has PCR department which helps them in smooth functioning of a news show. News channel has many departments but PCR department has its own importance. PCR departments not only monitors the whole news, but also coordinates with the anchor and other departments in a news channel.
PCR departments coordinates with the anchor present in the studio, it gives commands to the anchor. PCR department involves Panel producer, switcher, audio mixer, tape roller and CG operator (optional). Each person working in a PCR is responsible for smooth functioning of a news show, all employees working in the PCR needs to be careful and active during the production of the news show because if something gets wrong it will ruin the news show and news channel’s image. PCR also coordinates with the MCR department of a news channel. MCR stands for Master control room, it is responsible for scheduling the advertisements.
PCR is responsible for managing the live show for example: news debate shows in which guests are invited or experts from different fields. PCR manages the level of audio of each guest present in the studio, the level of audio is checked by the audio mixer, switcher creates different windows for each guests and responsible for switch windows and also creates counter bytes.
PCR department of a news channel plays an essential role in production of the news show on air or recorded and contributes in the smooth running of the news show.
ABOUT THE ORGANISATION
Zee media corporation limited is an Indian news company previously known as Zee news limited is a part of Essel group of companies led by the Dr. Subhash Chandra. Zee media corporation ltd. is one of the prominent name in the news industry. It has 10 news channels in 6 different languages and has more than 119 million viewers. Zee media corporation limited has a resilient presence in the national and regional genre.
The channels operated by Zee media corporation limited are Zee News, Zee Hindustan, Zee Business, WION, Zee Madhya Pradesh/Chhattisgarh, Zee Rajasthan, Zee Bihar/Jharkhand, Zee Uttar Pradesh/Uttarakhand, Zee Kalinga News and Zee Salaam. Not only News Channels Zee media corporation limited also operates an English newspaper ‘dna’through another of subsidiary of the Zee media corporation limited.
Zee Hindustan is a 24×7 Hindi news channel, it mainly focuses on rural India.
PRODUCTION CONTROL ROOM
Production control room, Zee Hindustan
PCR is a department in a news channel which is responsible for smooth functioning of news show. PCR stands for Production control room as its name suggests its work is to control all production related activities. Every news channel has PCR department which controls their production related activities and ensure the smooth functioning of news show like news bulletin, debate shows, entertainment shows and many more. PCR also coordinates with other departments in a news channel and has its own importance. Each and every person working in a PCR department of a news channel needs to pay attention and concentrate on his work because most of the time the news show goes on air. Heshe needs to be careful because even minor mistakes can ruin the news show and image of the news channel.
PCR also coordinates with the anchor and gives commands to the anchor through a technical device called Ear phone. Panel producer has the responsibility to give command to the anchor, it should clear and simple, so that it become easier for the anchor to the understand the command. Command like:
In PCR department decision making is the most important and difficult phase, which needs to be done by the experienced person in the PCR department. In Zee Hindustan PCR Head makes the decision when there is some critical situation like technical glitch or duration of a show or equivalent to the PCR Head the experienced person makes the decision. Person working in a PCR of a news channel should be active enough and should react quickly while working on technical equipment, because things goes fast in a PCR. There are many people working in a PCR and each has to play their role effectively and efficiently. If one of them does something wrong and it goes on air, it is not possible to rectify it. So each and every person needs to be careful and concentrate on hisher work. People are working in a PCR on different positions and they all are depended on each other as there is a systematic way of work.
Different positions and Technical paraphernalia on which employees are working are:
Vision mixer: Vision mixer is also known as switcher it is used to create transitions between the videos. Responsibility of a vision mixer is to create different windows as per nature of the show. Vision mixer or switcher manages different types of shots in different windows. In most debate shows Vision mixer or switcher creates 2 windows for counter bytes. Person working on a Vision mixer or switcher needs to be careful and should concentrate on its work.
Audio mixer: Audio mixer in a PCR helps in modulating the audio as per requirement. Person working on an Audio mixer has the responsibility to manage the audio level of each guest present in the studio or through VSAT. Heshe should check level of audio and verify the technical glitch before transferring the phone calls to the anchor.
Teleprompter: Teleprompter is a device that allows anchor to read the script during the show keeping direct eye contact with audience. Person working in a PCR has the responsibility to play or scroll the teleprompter, but in some news channels anchor has control over Teleprompter.
Panel producer: Panel producer is responsible for giving commands to the anchor. Whatever the anchor wants to say can talk to panel producer while sitting in a studio.
Rundown, Zee Hindustan (PCR)
PCR follows Rundown and work accordingly. Rundown is a cue sheet or a blue print of upcoming shows. It includes all details like duration, shots, bytes, anchor shots etc. changes can also be made in the Rundown in a newsroom and then it is transferred to the PCR so that it become easier for them to work and do the same according to the changes made. There are two versions of Rundown a General Rundown has the fixed elements while Specific rundown is created on a day to day basis.
During the internship in Zee Hindustan’s PCR it is found that working in a PCR (Production control room) is not an easy task. One should be careful and active while working because one mistake can ruin the whole news show which cannot be rectified during the live telecast. RDM is a player which is used to play shots. It is also known Hindustan Harris a software. Working on RDM is not an easy task to do you should be careful and hear the commands from the Panel producer carefully, and then you should play the shots. Most importantly building a good relationship with superiors working in a PCR should be a top priority as the good behavior makes the more valuable person. The internship experienced I gained was wonderful and getting knowledge about the technical paraphernalia from the people working in the industry was magnificent.
Working in a PCR department involves more presence of mind, as I work on RDM, which is used to play shots and a minor mistake can ruin the news show for example: not playing the right shot at the right time, as it was my mistake I did during the internship and getting scolded by the PCR head. But I learnt from this mistake and concentrate more on my work. Getting scolded by the PCR head has improved my concentration and working efficiency. PCR a department in a news channel is the most important department, because the news show is run by this department either live or recorded. Not only coordinates with anchor, but also with other departments of a news channel. Working in PCR is very difficult as there is noise of background music, anchor voice and in between this noisy environment your voice should be loud and you should listen carefully to the commands given by the Panel producer. As I worked on RDM, Panel producer gives me commands to play the shots. At the first time I didn’t hear properly due to very noisy environment, but working in PCR for few days it becomes easier for me to hear the commands given by the Panel producer. Not only learning the technical paraphernalia about PCR, I also learned time management, working on time, playing the right shots on time. Arriving office at the right time as the time management is the most important thing. I have learnt a lot from the people working in a PCR department of Zee Hindustan channel. From this internship I got to know the importance of PCR (Production control room) and other departments in a news channel. All departments are interrelated to each other and each person working in a PCR are depended on each other as there is a systematic way of work.
On the whole the internship was a valuable experience. I have gained a lot of knowledge about the PCR (Production control room). I have learnt the technical paraphernalia while working on it and it is a wonderful experience I have gained. In PCR there is lot of hard work and dedication is required, most importantly presence of mind. Throughout the internship I tried my best and learn the technical paraphernalia. Working in a PCR of Zee Hindustan channel was a great opportunity for me, it has helped me a lot to get exposure of the industry. Working with experienced persons has helped to know more about the industry and scope of it.
PCR department of a Zee Hindustan channel has many people who are working on different shifts has provided me the knowledge of the each and every equipment available in PCR of Zee Hindustan channel. I have learnt a lot from this internship, and hoping that it will helped a lot in future. Most importantly there are no particular shifts and no employee can leave even hisher shift gets over, unless the other employee reaches at the equipment heshe is working.
The summer internship experience was a great opportunity for me, not only helped me to learn more about the industry, but also about my positives and negatives.
The guidance of my PCR head Mr. Vikas Singh has helped me a lot to know more about the industry and his presence throughout my internship has improved my skills and behavior.