The Comparative Study of Freight Forwarding Practices in the Philippines and China Introduction Freight forwarding is the coordination and shipment of goods from one place to another via a single or multiple carriers via air

The Comparative Study of Freight Forwarding Practices in the Philippines and China
Introduction
Freight forwarding is the coordination and shipment of goods from one place to another via a single or multiple carriers via air, marine, rail or highway.

The importance of freight forwarding for global trade was recognized in Canada in 1948 with the establishment of the Canadian International Freight Forwarders Association (CIFFA). CIFFA recognized that forwarding freight, whether by land, marine, rail or air requires coordination, regulation and agreed-upon best practices to ensure that goods flow in a timely and proficient manner across borders, overseas, and throughout the world.

Freight shipping service providers, commonly known as freight forwarders and customs brokers, are companies that arrange the transportation of goods from shippers to receivers. The industry doesn’t include carriers that directly handle cargo, logistics management consultants, or supply chain management software manufacturers.
Demand is driven by domestic manufacturing output and levels of international trade. The profitability of individual companies depends on efficient operations, extensive relationships in shipper and carrier networks, and industry expertise. Large companies have advantages in account relationships and access to advanced logistics technologies. Small operations can compete effectively by serving a local market, specializing in cargo transfer with specific countries, and facilitating the transport of unusual goods.

This study will focus on the comparison of freight forwarding practices of Philippines and China mainly it’s differences and similarities in the said field. The researchers also bound to conduct this research for further reference of the future generations. The researchers also believe that in doing this study they can add more information and knowledge to the proponents of this research so as for the benefit of the two nations focused on this study, other nations, province, or regions all around the globe.

Significance of the Study
The generalization of this study would be of great help to the vast knowledge in relation to the increasing numbers of proponents in this industry. Vital results of this investigation could be highly significant and beneficial specifically to the following:
Students. They are the students of Customs Administration not only in the Philippines but also in the whole world. They are considered to be the main beneficiary of this study mainly because this investigation can be used by them for future reference. The findings of this study will enlighten and will impart additional informations to them in terms of freight forwarding.

Teachers. This refers to the professionals who are currently engaged in teaching Customs Adiministration students. In this study, they are the instruments in materializing efficient teaching techniques with the help of this research.

Future Researchers. This will be of great help to the future researchers with similar studies. This can be used as basis for replication of their research topics.

Objectives of the Problem
The following are the objectives of the study:
What are the similarities of freight forwarding practices in Philippines and China?
How about their differences?
How will it affect each other?
How will it affect the international trade?
Research Methodology
A qualitative type of research will be used in this study. In qualitative research, qualitative data infers complex statements or opinions. Investigation aims to create a novel theory (Inductive Reasoning) and researcher becomes an inherent part of the study – ethnography. Data collection therefore permits ‘open’ responses.

Descriptive survey was selected because it provides an accurate portrayal or account of the characteristics, for example, behavior, opinions, beliefs and knowledge of a particular person, situation or group. This design was chosen to meet the objectives of the study.
The locale of this study will be in Intramuros Manila wherein the respondents of the study will be students of customs administration in Lyceum of the Philippines University.
The researchers believe that through the locale of the study, together with the respondents will provide necessary data and samples for the generalizations of this study.

Work Plan
Month
Activity August September October November
Proposal and Literature search Questionnaire design Survey administration Arrange access Data collection Data analysis Writing up References
http://www.farrow.com/article-what-is-freight-forwardinghttp://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/tpp/offices/ogm/key_reports_files/National,%20Technical%20studies/Freight_shipping_in_general__industry_overview.pdfhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freight_forwarder