The Effects Climate Change
A study by Yale University states that 48% of Americans believe that climate change is not the human populations fault. The debate on the controversial topic of climate change has strong arguments for both sides. With the Earth warming, more ice glaciers are melting revealing new resources and trade routes. At the same time, the oceans temperature is rising, killing wildlife and bleaching coral. Climate change causes many health threats to humans and animals, opens the door to new resources, and is a real issue that should be recognized.
Correspondingly, the lives of humans and animals are endangered by the changing climate. A large contributor to the harm of these two things is the Greenhouse Effect. Like a regular greenhouse used for gardening, the heat from the sun enters the atmosphere, warms up the Earth, then rebounds back into space. When there is too much carbon dioxide and other gasses in the atmosphere, it traps the energy from the Sun, causing the Earth to be abnormally warm. This has caused many casualties for the human population as well as wildlife. Heat causes headache, fatigue, rash, and sometimes strokes for humans. According to “Picture of America Heat-Related Illness Fact Sheet” it says: “From 1999 to 2010, 8,081 heat-related deaths were reported in the United States. In 5,783 (72%) of these deaths, the underlying cause was exposure to excessive heat, and heat was a contributing factor in the remaining 2,298 (28%) deaths” (Fowler 3).
Humans may have a large problem with heat, but so does our wildlife, more importantly the ocean community. In the article “How does climate change affect coral reefs?” by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, published in 2017, it mentions that with the growing levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, the oceans are taking in more of the gas than they should. This is warming the oceans waters, killing fish, and their habitats by “bleaching” coral. According to Offshore Energy by the Numbers by Andrew Menaquale published in 2015 by Oceana, an ocean conservation organization, it mentions that 1.4 million jobs rely on healthy oceans on the Atlantic Coast.
Furthermore, extreme weather also has a large impact on the human population as well as the wildlife. Since oceans have been warming, it makes it easier for hurricanes to begin and hard to stop. Hurricanes are created mostly with warm humid air. The Earth’s temperature is rising, warming waters and making it easier for hurricanes to exist. Hurricane Katrina caused about 1,800 fatalities. Lives, schools, homes, hospitals, and much more were lost. This type of weather can also bring downpours or droughts, harming farmers and their agriculture. With no farming, there is no food for the large human population.
Equally important, climate change is not a real issue and instead opens the door for new resources. According to Arctic Thaw published by Twenty-first Century books in 2015, and written by Stephanie McPherson it says, “The US Geological Survey estimated that the polar region may contain as many as 9 billion barrels of oil and 1600 trillion feet (488 trillion m) of natural gas. About 84% of those resources are believed to lie buried beneath the ocean” (McPherson 30). The more resources the better. With the extraction of oil, there will be many long-term job opportunities for those who are in need. Stated in the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, in 2009, 63,012 jobs were accounted for in the oil and gas industry. With more production and creation of new oil rigs, more occupations will become available. In addition, with new resources, the melting ice caps can lead to new trade routes between countries. Also mentioned in the book Arctic Thaw, in the summer of 2013, the ship Nordic Orion began its journey through the Northwest Passage. The ship safely sailed from Finland to Vancouver, Canada through Arctic channels. Before this time, it was seemed too dangerous to use this route, even if it was during the summer season. With the warmer weather and melting caps that year it made it possible for the ship to sail through. The crew got to their destination 1,000 miles faster and saved $80,000 in fuel. With this route, countries would save much more money and resources, as well as reduce the amount of emissions that come with long voyages from their ships.
All things considered, the writer believes that climate change is a real issue that should be recognized and not ignored. The fatalities accounted for throughout the past decade from hurricanes are truly disappointing. Many people face psychological issues from these extreme weather encounters. Communities and agriculture lands are destroyed. Adding on to that, there is the slow defeat of the Earth’s oceans. Beautiful coral reefs, home to many species of wildlife are dying. Many government officials ignore these growing issues, because it benefits themselves. Oil companies give substantial amounts of money to those who are running in elections. From that officials are able to grant these companies permission to carry out whatever work they need to do to obtain resources. With the support and funding from these companies, the chosen runner is able to win the election and the plan to begin a new oil project is born. Both win, yet there are still those who suffering in this situation. They are the earth, wildlife, and human population. They may be gaining in resources like oil and gas, but at the same time are losing more important resources that can seriously hurt the Earth’s population when they are gone.
Ultimately, climate change is a topic that causes much controversy between the sides of whether it is a real issue or not. According to Newsweek, Astronaut Scott Kelly from the International Space Station in June 2017 stated, “There are places on Earth almost always covered in #pollution that I’d believe it if kids there didn’t know the sky is blue #EarthVitalSigns”. There are many perspectives on the Earth and its climate, but from space there is the bigger picture that can be seen. Climate change opens the door to many resources, but at the same time slams the door on resources already present. The Earths survival is the survival of the human population, we should try the best to keep the world as healthy as it can be and not have the actions of production lead to its demise.
The Effects Climate Change