The Women’sovement in the United States in the 1960s
Wachira Srirattanapanich Bomb
Khon Kaen University
The Women’sovement in the United States in the 1960S.
(Turner-Graham, 2009) The Women’s Movement which we know as the Suffrage Movement, the Feminist Movement, and the Women’s Liberation Movement, focus on a number of issues such as reproductive privilege (including abortion), equal pay, domestic violence, maternity leave, sexual violence, and sexual harassment. The goals and responsibility of the Movement different from the first country to the second country, depending on specific issues in each country. The history of feminist movements had been determined in three ‘waves’, each distribution with the different argument of feminist issues. The first wave, in the 19th through early 20th centuries, continue mainly with the issue of women’s prayer. The second wave (1960s-1980s) focused on cultural and political favoritism. The third wave (1990s-present) is seen as both a continuation, and a reaction to the understand failures of the second wave. The second wave helped women to discuss “their” lives from a politicized landscape and themselves within a sexist structure of power. The maxim ‘The Personal is Political’, coined by American feminist activist and author Carol Hanisch, encapsulated the focus of the second wave. It is the second wave be identical with an explosion of social movements struggling for the rights of other marginalized groups such as emigrants, indigenous people, lesbians, and gay men. As the politics of identification were investigated, racialism and patriarchy were identifying as the form of exclusion of groups and individuals from citizenship, the feminists of the 1960s and 1970s look at the future of looking on the good side.
(Boag, 2016) Women’s movements or feminist movements often referred to as second-wave feminism. It is included campaigns in support of peace, equality in education and employment, birth control and an end of violence. Movements also contended women’s representation in everything since advertisement to dress, insisted on respect for the non-mainstream situation and desire reform of government and the law. (Napikoski, 2018) The recovery of feminism across the United States in the 1960s lead to a series of changes to the status that still have an impact today. In the 1960s, feminists inspired unexpected to changes in the structure of society, changes with extensive economic, political, and cultural resultant. Feminists went to court to fight for equality, stand up against the division, and work on the legal aspects of women’s rights. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission was established to control equaled pay. Feminists view at how women were described or ignored in the literature, social science, history, and other academic departments, at the end of the 1960s, a new rule was born: the formal study of women’s history, as well as women’s study. (Sink, 2008) The 1960s was a year of modifying. People turn into more vocal and go forward for equality between all people. The Food and Drug Administration engaging the first oral contraceptive for women. They were obtainable to women the following year. This turn into the first step in the freedom movement. This now authorized women to be stand on their reproductive rights. Feminism is defined as the theory of the economic, the social equality of the sexes, and political. The feminist movement also knows as the Women’s Liberation Movement has been a continue battle for the last 100 years. Marriages were administered and women were expected to be concessive to their husbands. Women didn’t any typically work outside the home and were expected to take care of children
(Walsh, 2010) In the 1960s, radical cultural changes were reformation the role of women in American society. More females than ever were enrolling the paid workforce, and this increased the disfavor among women toward huge gender disparities in pay and advancement and sexual harassment at the workplace. One of the most radical changes was happening in the bedroom. At the end of the Sixties, more than 80 percent of the wife of childbirth age were using contraception after the federal government in 1960 engaging a birth control pill. This liberates many women, who didn’t want to pregnancy and gave them many more choices, and freedom, in their personal lives. Americans accept some of the fundamental goals of the Sixties feminists: equal work for equal pay, the end of domestic violence, reduction of violence limits on women in executive jobs, the end of sexual harassment, and sharing of obligation for housework and child instructional. (Napikoski, 2017) The demand for freedom from the oppressive social structure in many women’s liberation groups, which led to an internal attempt with structure and conduct. The concept of full equality and firm being patterned in a default of structure depends on many with the weakening power and influence of the movement. It led to later self-examination and forward examination with conduct and cooperation models of organization.
(Napikoski, 2017) The women’s liberation movement was a corporate fight against for equality that was most strong during the late 1960s and 1970s. It is an attempt to free women from oppression and male supremacy. The movement includes women’s liberation groups, propaganda, opposes, sense raising, feminist theory, and a kind of various individual and group behavior on an agent of women and freedom. The term was built as a contrast to other free and liberate movements of the time. The foundation of the idea was a rebellion against colonial powers, or a tolerant national government to reach freedom for a national group and to end oppression. (Napikoski & Lewis, 2018) Feminists battle against the oppression of women. Women have been unfairly holding back from equality of human history in many societies around the world. Feminist theorists of the 1960s and 1970s viewed for new methods to distinguish this oppression, often concluding that there were both obvious and sharp forces in society that oppressed women. These feminists also work with of earlier authors who had to identify the oppression of women, including Simone de Beauvoir in “The Second Sex” and Mary Wollstonecraft in “A Vindication of the Rights of Woman”.
(Napikoski, 2017) The women’s liberation movement is also may be seen as being consistent with violent feminism because of both were nervous with freeing members of society from the tyrannical social structure. Both have sometimes been a feature as coercion to men, especially when the movements use rhetoric about “struggle” and “revolution.” However, feminist theorists overall are in fact attentive with how society can remove unfair sex roles. There is more to women’s liberation than the anti-feminist imagination that feminists are women who want to destroy men. The Women’s Liberation Movement of the 1960s helped women of American society to advance mental power to recognize the oppression and economic obstacles that society had placed before them. The Women’s Liberation Movement of the 1960s helped women modification from their household roles into the American workforce without feeling be small or embarrassed of their choice to work outside of their homes.
Napikoski, L. (2018). Feminist Activities in the 1960s. Retrieved Nov 14, 2018, from https://www.thoughtco.com/1960s-feminist-activities-3529000Walsh, K, T. (2010). The 1960s: A Decade of Change for Women. Retrieved Nov 14, 2018, from https://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2010/03/12/the-1960s-a-decade-of-change-for-womenTurner-Graham, E. (2009). The Women’s Movement. Retrieved Nov 14, 2018, from https://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/articles/2829Napikoski, L., ; Lewis, J, J. (2018). Oppression and Women’s History. Retrieved Nov 14, 2018, from https://www.thoughtco.com/oppression-womens-history-definition-3528977Napikoski, L. (2017). The Women’s Liberation Movement. Retrieved Nov 15, 2018, from https://www.thoughtco.com/womens-liberation-movement-3528926Boag, V, S. (2016). Women’s Movements in Canada: 1960-1985. Retrieved Nov 16, 2018, from https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/womens-movements-in-canada-196085