Yeni HernandezGCU NRS-429VNInstructor

Yeni HernandezGCU NRS-429VNInstructor: Carrie Trimberger03/18/2018
Health Promotion is the action allow people to gain control over their health and its determinates through health literacy resolution and various stakeholders action. This movement incorporate activities for the people or for community at higher risk of bad health outcomes.

Health promotion commonly address behavioral risk factors like, obesity, diet, lack of physical activities and tobacco use.

The author of this paper made a brief search about African American population in United States, and the health risk they face.

Health status of this minority group
The health status of African-Americans identifies a higher prevalence of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and sexually transmitted infections when comparing with whites. However, more research is needed to identify health programs. Most health care professionals are not educated and trained to be culturally sensitive. The struggle against the prevalence of diseases in African-Americans must incorporate cultural sensitivity, community organizations and empowerment.

Health disparities among this group
Some theories are involved in explaining the health disparities in African Americans, and other racial groups. They include a large field of cultural variations in daily lifestyle. As a consequence, these variations are based in a change in a poor health outcomes in this minority group.

The question is: How African Americans can change their lifestyle without negotiate the importance of a healthy lifestyle?
They are two ways in order to modify the behaviors and lifestyle to improve health in this group: 1- exercise, 2- diet.

African Americans are at high risk from diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and stroke. The morbidity and mortality rate have higher rates. Diabetes, affect significantly to African Americans, making double vulnerable to acquire end stage renal disease and lower limb amputations.

Uncontrolled high blood pressure and poor diet, can lead to obesity and high cholesterol range. Instruction and education of this group play an important role to prevent illness to get worse, and promote healthy behaviors, but this minority group can’t provably seek out preventive care.

Cheatham, Barksdale, and Rodgers have identified numerous barriers to prevent African Americans from seeking health care and wellness promotion: socioeconomic status, masculinity, prejudice, not knowing or understand the need for a physician, peer influences and religious beliefs.

In order to lower the mortality and morbidity in African Americans, finding and adequate action to address this boundary, can be a priority.

The three levels of health promotion.

The public health framework first defines a health issue in terms of its nature, extent and distribution in geographically defined area and then develops approaches to the problem using three levels of prevention: primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention. Tertiary prevention is applied to individuals who already have the problem, attempts are made to ameliorate or remedy the problem. In disease, tertiary prevention is medical treatment of the affected individual. For example, persons with heart disease are treated to keep them from becoming sicker. Secondary prevention is given to individuals who are at risk of having the problem, addressing the risk status of specific individuals. In the example of heart disease, secondary prevention strategies are aimed at persons at risk of developing heart disease because they smoke, have high blood pressure, or have a family history of the disease. Primary prevention is aimed as the general population.
Conclusion
Existence of health disparities among African Americans, and leading causes of death and disabilities for this group, existed since 1980. Barriers and cultural issues are present, but behaviors and modifying risk factors would result in reduction of chronic health issues. Behaviors changes in lifestyle and diet can result in healthier changes in their life. To achieve this, African Americans must realize the value in place a choice on, considerate the misinterpretation and completely behavioral threats to cultivate a healthy lifestyle.

References
Participants of the 6th Global Conference on Health Promotion- The Bangkok Charter for Health Promotion in a Globalized world. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organizations 2005 Aug 11. Accessed 2009 Feb 4.

Karen Scoot Collins, Allyson Hall and Charlotte Neuhaus, U.S. Minority Health A Chartbook ( New York. The Common Health Fund, May 1999)
J Health Soc Policy 2001;14(1):1-17
Minority Nurse
The Office of Minority Health. Diabetes and African Americans
Halbert CH, Armstrong K, Gandy JR.OH, and Shaker L. Racial differences in the trust in health care providers. Arch Interim Med. 2006; 166(8):896-901
Cheatman CT, Barksdale DJ, Rodgers SG. Barriers to health care and health-seeking behaviors faced by black men. J Am Acad Nurse Pract 2008; 20(11):555-62
Fierro Mp. Cost of Chronic Disease: What are States Facing? The council of State goverments Trends alert. Spring 2006

Conclusion
The nurses and health care providers, has the mission that take care of each patient as an individual. African American needs to improve their health in order to gain more control over their illness affecting this population. African American has to change eating behaviors and adjusting in a healthy lifestyle.